Friday, January 22, 2010

Soviet Era Flags of Karakalpakstan

Flag of the XHCP/XCCP

Khorezm People's Soviet Republic (Хорезмская Народная Советская Республика or in latin script the Khorezmskaya Narodnaya Sovetskaya Respublika) was created as the successor to the Khanate of Khiva in February 1920, when the khan abdicated in response to popular pressure, and was officially declared by the first Khorezm Kurultay (Assembly) on the 26th April 1920.

On the 20th October 1923, it was transformed into the Khorezm Socialist Soviet Republic ( Хорезмская Социалистическая Советская Республика, Khorezmskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Sovetskaya Respublika).

The Khorezm SSR only survived for a little under a year. On 10 October 1924, it was divided between Uzbek SSR, Turkmen SSR, and Karakalpak Autonomous Oblast as part of the reorganization of Central Asia according to nationalities. The Karakalpak Autonomous Oblast being formerly declared on February 19th 1925.

Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee
Hoji Pahlavon Niyoz Yusuf (2 February 1920 - March 1920)

Chairman of the Provisional Government
Jumaniyoz Sulton Muradoghli (March 1920 - 30 April 1920)

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Assembly of People's Representatives
Hoji Pahlavon Niyoz Yusuf (30 April 1920 - 6 March 1921)
Qoch Qoroghli (6 March 1921 - 15 May 1921) (Chairmen of Provisional Revolutionary Committee)
Khudoybergan Divanoghli (15 May 1921 - 23 May 1921)

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee
Mulla Nozir (23 May 1921 - June 1921)
Allabergan (June 1921 - September 1921)
Ata Maqsum Madrahimoghli (September 1921 - 27 November 1921)
Jangibay Murodoghli (27 November 1921 - 23 June 1922)
Abdulla Abdurahmon Khojaoghli (23 June 1922 - 20 October 1923)
K. Safaroghli (20 October 1923 - 1924)
Sultonkari Jumaniyoz (1924)
Temurkhoja Yaminoghli (1924 - 17 February 1925)

First Soviet Coinage

20 Rouble coin 1920

25 Rouble coin 1921

500 Rouble Coin 1920-21

The Khorezm SSR issued a 20 Ruble coin in 1919 dated 1338 AH/1920 AD, thus being the first territory to issue Soviet coinage. The year 1922 was the last year that the KSPR minted coins before being incorporated into the Soviet Republics of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and the autonomous region of Karakalpakia within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Росси́йская Сове́тская Федерати́вная Социалисти́ческая Респу́блика (РСФСР), in 1925).


25,000 Rouble 1340 AH/1921 AD

100 Rouble 1341 AH/1923 AD

3 Rouble=30,000 Rouble 1340 AH/1922 AD

The first Khwarezm Soviet Republic banknote a 500 rub 1920 was printed on silk, other issues on paper include 25.000 rub 1920,10.000 rub 1921, 3=30.000 1922, 5=50.000 1922, 1=10.000 1922, 10=100.000 1922, 20 rub 1922, 25 rub 1922,100 rub 1922,50 rub 1923, 100 rub 1923,500 rub 1923 and 1.000 rub 1923.

Flag of the Karakalpak Autonomous Oblast 1934-1937

Established as the Kara-Kalpakstan Autonomous oblast within the Kazakh ASSR (Russian SFSR) on the 16th of February 1925. Transferred to the Russian SFSR on the 20th of July 1930 and transformed into the Kara-Kalpakian ASSR on the 20th of March 1932 being transferred to the Uzbek SSR on the 5th of December 1936.

Flag of Karakalpak ASSR, from 1937 until 1941

Republic was ceded to the Uzbek SSR in late 1936 and adopted the new flag in 1937.

Flag of Karakalpakstan (1941-1952)

In 1940 the Karakalpak language, that was previously written in Turkic Latin characters adopted the Cyrillic, and in 1941 the Republic adopted a new flag.

Flag of Karakalpakstan (1952-1992)

In 1952 adapted her flag to the flag of the mother Republic Uzbekistan.

Thursday, January 14, 2010

Visit Uzbekistan

Photo: Top of a Cupola - Tashkent

Uzbekistan has a long and magnificent history - located between the two great rivers the Amudarya and Syrdarya Rivers and is one of the cradles of world civilization. It is the home of some of the world's oldest sedentary populations and several of its most ancient cities.

Beginning at the height of the Roman Empire, the region was a crossroads on the transcontinental trade routes between China and the West, the most important being the legendary Silk Road.

Subject to constant invasion and to imigration of nomads from the great grasslands to the north, being shaped by each conquests, today Uzbekistan is a land where many peoples with different traditions and customs came, and eventially came together as one.

It has seen endless number of rulers and empires. The famed trio Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan and Tamerlane all ruled these lands. Arabs brought Islam where it prospered. Later on the lands divided into the Khanates of Bukhara, Khiva and Kokand, before being absorbed into Tsarist Russia and then as part of the Soviet Union after the revolution of 1917, before once again becoming an independent state in the year 1991.

The three UNESCO listed ancient cities of Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva, situated along the ancient Silk Road linking China with Europe, fully live up to their reputation of being among of the world's most special places.

Photo:The Registan - Samakand

Samakand with its majestic and colorful architecture is over 2500 years old; it is where Tamerlane (Timur) established the center of his Empire and left a remarkable architectural legacy; magnificent courtyards of Registan and Shahi Zindah, stunning blue, white and gold complexes of 15th century medressehs, mosques and tombs, the town's winding alleys and its chaikhanas (teahouses).

Photo: The Ark - Bukara

Bukhara with its narrow streets, small squares and markets was one of the most important commercial centers on the Great Silk Road has hundreds of monuments from the Middle Ages. Such ensembles as the Ark, Poi - Kalan, Kosh Madras, mausoleum of Ismail Samoni, the minaret of Kalyan fascinate visitors.

Photo: Ichan-Kala

Khiva an ancient walled city (almost intact), is similiarly fascinating. Around the famed Ichan-Kala are minarets, madrassas and residencies little changed from 300 years ago.

Photo: Ayaz Kala

Near by are more than 300 ancient Chorasmian forts lying in the dry lands of the adjacent Karakalpak Republic which has amongst the most interesting ancient monuments in all of Central Asia. There are also many other interesting places to visit include the famed Savitsky Art Museum in the capital Nukus.

Tashkent the capital of the Republic, centre of Government and Finance and its biggest Industrial centre and has a population of 3 million people. It is the largest ancient city in Central Asia (rose in the II century B.C) known in ancient times as Chach and has been a crossroads of traders carrying silver, gold, precious stones, spices, silk and splendid horses to and from Europe the Middle and Far east for almost three thousand years. Despite the earthquake of 1966 it still has a fascinating old city.

Photo - The ruins of Ak-saray - Shakhrisabz

Other very interesting places to visit include Shakhrisabz (near Timur's birthplace), an beautiful mountain town with one of the largest architectural ruins in Cental Asia Ak-saray.

Photo: The palace of XIX century Kokand Khan Khudayarkhan

Kokand, an ancient Silk Road city situated in Fergana Valley in 250 kilometres east of Tashkent once the capital of Kokand khanate and nearby Margilan - is famous for its fabrics and silks.