Thursday, February 4, 2016

Lilac Road by Ural Tansykbayev Savisky Nukus Art Museum Masterpiece

Ural  Tanyskybayev

was a renowned Kazakh artist born in Tashkent (1904-1974). He attended a Russian-Uzbek school from 1916-1919 and subsequently worked at a tobacco factory and a winery between 1919-1924. In was in this period that Tanyskbayev first started to make sketches and small drawings in his tattered sketchbook. His paintings were shown in the club of the plant. In 1924 in the newspaper "Turkestanskaya pravda" there was an article about the young artist and he came to the attention Nikolay Vasilyevich Rozanov (1869–1940) and was invited to study with him and a number of other of renowned painters and followers of the Peredvizhniki ("Wanderers") in their studio at the Tashkent Museum of Art where he stayed until 1927. From there he went to study for two years at the Art and Pedagogical Technical School, Penza under the great Ivan Silovich Goryushkin-Sorokopudov (1873–1954) and Nikolay Filippovich Petrov (1872–1941). Visiting a number of museums and studios in Moscow during 1929, he started to became interested in Fauvism and the works of the French Expressionist's, which had a major impact and from that time on there was a noticeable increased decorativeness and heightened sense of colour in his work. From 1929 he started to participate in art exhibitions and in the year 1932 became a Steering Committee Member of the Union of Artists of Uzbekistan. In 1938 he was the stage and costumes designer at the Kazakh State Theatre of Opera and Ballet in Alma-Ata. He worked on the first national Kazakh ballet based on the poem "Kalkaman and Mamir" by the historian and poet Şekerim Kudayberdiulı (1858–1931) This famous production by the leading Kazakh ballerina and choreographer Shara Zhienkulova (1912–1991) using music composed by Vasily Vasilyevich Velikanov (1842-1904).

Lilac Road by Ural Tansykbayev
A member of the Uzbekistan delegation he paid a visit to the World War II front in 1942. Jointly with artists M.Arinin, S.Cheprakov, and Madra Mandicencio, he made more than thirty monumental paintings for the Uzbek pavilion at All-Union Agricultural Exhibition (VSKhV) now the All-Russia Exhibition Centre in Moscow from 1952–1955. He was elected member-correspondent of the Academy of Arts of the USSR in 1954, and a full member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR in 1958. That year he was awarded a silver medal at Universal Exhibition in Brussels Expo '58. The theme of his early paintings is connected with the searches for expressive means, forms of reflection of the reality. They are intensive and enriched by their colours, decorative. By the beginning of the 1950s the main genre in his art had become landscapes. He continued to participate in many exhibitions in Uzbekistan, and other parts of the Soviet Union as well as abroad and garnered numerous government accolades. He established very close ties with the Nukus Art museum which obtained many of his earlier works from the late 1920s and early 1930s, regarded by many as the best collection of paintings and graphics of the period. Ural Tansykbayev died in Nukus in 1974 while arranging a solo exhibition.